Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Physiatry) is a medical specialty. It is the art of practicing physical aspects of treatment. It is most widely known as the field of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, the medical specialty of modern-day Physiatry comprises the related disciplines of Physical Medicine which includes Musculoskeletal, Sports and Pain Medicine, Rehabilitation Medicine and Electromyography. Rehabilitation involves the treatment of medical conditions of a patient to optimal physical, psychological and social functioning. The goal is to help a person return to their previous level of functioning in life.
PM&R arguably began during the World War I after soldiers returned from war with injury or disability. Physician Pioneers in the medical field noticed that early physical medical therapies and treatments that were aimed at restoring function proved to be much more effective for patients than the passive treatments of that time. Over the years, medical treatments have evolved to the more well known therapies of today. However, the primary goal of returning a patient to a functional status remains unchanged.
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation has various areas of subspecialty including Musculoskeletal Medicine, Spinal Disorders, Brain Injury Medicine, Electrodiagnostic medicine, Hospice and Palliative Medicine, Neuromuscular Medicine, Pain Medicine, Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine, Spinal Cord Injury Medicine, Treatments to help with injured limbs, and Sports Medicine.
Pain Management and Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation (PM&R)